Kingdom Plantae

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Kingdom Plantae is the domain classification assigned by Biologists to cover all living plants on earth. The taxonomy of kingdom plantae is based on the plant similarities and differences. The Plant Kingdom is also called know as Kingdom Metaphyta under Domain Eukaryote. The plant kingdom includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. The history of life on earth and the success of many organisms literally depend on the success of plants.

Kingdom Plantae Guide

  • Subkingdom
  • Superdivision

  • Division
  • Class

  • Subclass
  • Order

  • Family
  • Genus

Biology Kingdom Taxonomy

In biology, Kingdom is the second highest ranking taxonomy category after Domain. Kingdom groups together all forms of life which have certain fundamental characteristics in common. Biologists adapted a five-kingdom classification scheme to separate and assign living organisms into the following separate groups: animals (Kingdom Animalia), plants (Kingdom Plantae), fungi (Kingdom Fungi), protozoa and eucaryotic algae (Kingdom Protista), and bacteria and blue-green algae (Kingdom Monera).

What is a Plant?

A plant is one of the five groups into which all living organisms are traditionally divided into. A plant is a stationery living organism and as such needs to absorb nutrients from its surroundings in order to grow and survive. Typically plants have roots which are the organs of a plant that normally lie below the surface of the soil; however there are some types of plants which do have aerial roots. Within the scientific classification chart plants belong to the Plantae family.

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Kingdom Plantae

The kingdom plantae biology classification contains around one billion types of plants. This classification is based on plant similarities and differences. The Plant Kingdom is also known as Kingdom Metaphyta under the Domain Eukaryota. Kingdom plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in all biospheres around the earth. Most of the organisms in this kingdom are autotrophs, which synthesise their own food with the help of solar energy or photosynthesis. There are very few species, which are both autotrophs and heterotrophs. The history of life on earth and the success of living organisms literally depends on the successful development of plants.

Kingdom Plantae Classification

Based on classification, kingdom plantae plants are divided into the four main groups based on:

  • The absence of vascular tissue.
  • The presence of vascular tissue.
  • The presence of seeds.
  • The absence of seeds.

The plant kingdom is classified into the following four main phylum groups:

  • Phylum Bryophyta – Non vascular plants.
  • Phylum Pteridophytae – Seedles vascular plants.
  • Phylum Angiosperms – Flowering plants which develop seeds.
  • Phylum Gymnosperms – Non flowering plants with undeveloped seeds.

Vascular tissue is critical in transporting substances such as water, minerals and nutrients throughout the plant. Seeds are structures, which contains an embryo that help both in storing food, but are necessary for reproduction and a successful plant life cycle.

Kingdom Plantae Definition

The Kingdom plantae can be defined as multicellular, autotrophic eukaryotes, which conduct photosynthesis. All member of this family comprises of true nucleus and advanced membrane bound organelles. They are quite different from animals. Plantae Kingdom contains about 300,000 different species of plants. Among the five kingdoms, Kingdom plantae is a very important, as they are the source of food for all other living creatures present on planet earth, which depends on plants to survive.

Examples of Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom plantae includes all types plants like herbs, shrubs, trees, creepers, climbers, aquatic plants, desert plants, mountain plants, flowering and non flowering plants.

Kingdom Plantae Characteristics

  • Most of the plants are eukaryotic and are chlorophyll containing organisms (green).
  • Cell walls of plant cells are comprised of cellulose.
  • They have an ability to grow by cell division.
  • In life cycle of plant cells, the interchanges occur from the embryos and are supported by other tissues and self produce.
  • Plants have both organs and organ systems.
  • They obtain their energy from sun through the process of photosynthesis.
  • Plants reproduce both by sexual and asexual.
  • Plants develop a self defense mechanism to protect them from being destroyed by animals, fungi and other plants.
  • Organisms within the Plant Kingdom are multicellular, eukaryotic and autotrophic.
  • Plants lack mobility.


  • Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Division Anthocerotophyta – Hornworts
  • Division Bryophyta – Mosses
  • Division Chlorophyta – Green lgae
  • Division Hepaticophyta – Liverworts
  • Division Rhodophyta – Red Algae

Types of Mosses

Types of mosses: Arctic Moss. Black Moss. Sphagnum Moss. Mosses. Moss Spores. Moss Species. Moss Ball. Aquarium Moss. Cake Moss. Florist Moss. Wild Mosses.

Kingdom Plantae. Biology. Botany. Subkingdom. Superdivision. Division. Class. Subclass. Order. Family. Genus. Plant Classification. Botany. Definition..

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