Sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using farming techniques that protect the environment, public health, human communities, and animal welfare. Sustainable agriculture is farming using sustainable methods that are environmentally friendly on the ecosystem that is being cultivated. It involves not just the the crop plants but all living organisms in the ecosystem.
- Satisfy human food and fiber needs.
- Enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agricultural economy depends.
- Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls.
- Sustain the economic viability of farm operations.
- Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.
The environmental movement is represented by a range of organizations, from large NGO’s to small grassroots efforts, and is focused on diverse scientific, social, and political issues which affect the environment. It is also known as the ecological or green movement. Environmentalists advocate for the sustainable management of natural resources, agriculture, and proper care of the earth’s environment, through changes in government policies and changes in public behavior. The environmental movement recognizes human participation in the ecosystems of life, and is centered on ecology, health, and human rights.