Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development, via plant breeding, of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.
The Floral Industry
Floriculture is a dynamic and fast-growing industry happening on a global scale. The floral industry is one of the major industries in many developing and underdeveloped countries.
Floriculture as an industry began in the late 1800’s in England, where flowers were grown on a large scale on the vast estates.
The countries with the biggest flower-growing industry are The Netherlands, Colombia, Ecuador, Kenya, and Israel, but there are many other nations such as The Philippines, Malaysia, and South Africa that are joining the market and investing in the industry.
Best Selling Flowers
Although most countries grow the bestselling flowers… roses, tulips, sunflowers, carnations, chrysanthemums, orchids, and lilies – many are beginning to explore hybrids and other indigenous crops.
Branches of Floriculture
Essentially, there are three branches that make up the basic structure of the floriculture.
- The grower is the one who grows the flowers.
- The wholesaler, who is the middleman between the grower and the seller.
- The retailer, which has traditionally been your local flower shop.
Quite often, these three branches of floriculture are intermingled. Some retail florists grow their own flowers in greenhouses and sell the product straight to the market. They work as the grower, the wholesaler and retailer. A few major flower retailers sell flowers in such large quantities that they order directly from the grower, omitting the middleman.
When flowers are ordered from a wholesaler or a grower, they take various routes to the buyer, depending on the flower type, the area where they are grown, and how they will be sold. Some floriculturists cut and pack flowers right at the nurseries and send them directly to the buyer through mail.
Some flowers are sent to a packing company that grades them and organizes them into bunches to deliver through mail or to send directly to supermarkets or flower shops. Some growers grade and sleeve the flowers themselves before selling them to wholesale markets. The wholesalers then sell the flowers to florists who prime and arrange the flowers for their customers. If you know where to go, you can buy flowers at wholesalers even if you aren’t a florist.
The floriculture works like a simple value chain: growers grow flowers, suppliers obtain them, then the flowers are sold to retailers or to wholesalers before consumers buy them in bunches or bouquets. There are different kinds of careers open in the floriculture. Among the entry-level occupations are floral shop helpers, who perform various duties in a flower shop; delivery people, who deliver flowers right to the home of the flower shop’s customers; floral designers, who make creative arrangements out of the flowers for events such as weddings, birthdays, or funerals; and salespersons, who sells fresh cut flowers and other flower-related goods at the shop. Mid-level occupations include the assistant manager, who is responsible for coordinating sales, design, delivery, and taking charge of the office.
Floriculture | Agribusiness. Floral Industry. Flower Farming. Ornamental Crops. Plants. Foliages. Greenery. History. Wholesaler. Supply Chain. Agronomy.